There are primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities. The secondary develops as a result of injuries, tumors, etc. , When the venous system cannot fully perform its functions.
Primary develops due to weakness of the venous wall. Causes contributing to the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
- hormonal imbalance;
- heavy static loads;
- to smoke;
- work associated with prolonged standing (for example, hairdressers, salespeople, waiters);
- sitting in the wrong position, especially cross-legged;
- high-heeled shoes;
- sedentary lifestyle.
All these factors contribute to the deterioration of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities, so the superficial veins overflow, expand and stagnate blood is formed. An important role in the development of the disease is played by heredity.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - symptoms
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are accompanied by such signs:
- swelling of the legs by the end of the working day;
- feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- calf muscle cramps mainly at night;
- pain, burning sensation in the legs;
- varicose veins on the legs;
- formation of trophic ulcers.
Varicose veins are small red-blue nodules on the skin that can be seen on the legs at the very beginning of the disease. Often, varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy cause particular discomfort.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - stages
There are several stages in the development of the disease:
- compensation - varicose and tortuous veins appear on the legs, no complaints
- undercompensation - there are complaints of swelling, cramps in the calf muscles, a feeling of heaviness, fatigue in the legs, pronounced dilated veins are visually determined
- decompensation - dermatitis, small hemorrhages are added, the skin becomes dense, dry, easily damaged, age spots appear
The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - diagnosis
For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Vascular surgery deals with varicose veins in the lower limbs. To make a diagnosis, in addition to complaints and visual examination, it is necessary to apply special research methods.
Duplex angioscanning is considered the gold standard. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler scanning. In this way it is possible to see in real time the state of the vascular wall and to evaluate the speed of blood flow in the venous system of the lower limbs.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - complications
If there are varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment should begin faster, otherwise the disease will progress, which is fraught with serious complications. Stagnation of blood in the veins contributes to the formation of blood clots, phlebothrombosis develops, and if the vein also becomes inflamed - thrombophlebitis.
Blood clots formed at any time can break away from their place and enter the bloodstream. In this case, the thrombus enters the veins of the lungs, clogging them. At the same time, a person can die from suffocation even before the arrival of an ambulance, because such a formidable complication is extremely difficult to treat even in a specialized hospital, and there is very little time to save a life.
Also, due to blood stagnation, the nutrition of the lower extremities is disturbed. Deep trophic ulcers form on the skin, which do not heal well and tend to spread. This can lead to limb amputation.
Based on the fact that the complications of varicose veins of the lower extremities are by no means harmless, it is necessary to contact a qualified specialist as soon as possible. Only a doctor can prescribe effective treatment and help avoid complications.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities: how to treat with ointments
In the pharmacy you can find a huge amount of ointments for varicose veins of the lower limbs. They are based on substances that improve tissue trophism, relieve swelling and strengthen the vascular wall. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews of ointments are on the pages of drugs on the network.
In the early stages of the development of the disease, the use of various ointments can improve the condition of the venous system and slow down the progression of the disease, but in the end it will not be possible to defeat the varicose veins of the lower extremities. The results will be only after visiting the doctor.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - conservative treatment
It is based on the use of compression underwear, socks, golf, tights and sometimes diets. How to cure varicose veins of the lower limbs? Medical treatment without surgery cannot be considered 100% effective when the manifestations of the disease are quite severe. If trophic ulcers are present and varicose veins of the lower extremities are running, treatment without surgery is impossible.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - treatment: surgery or procedure?
- intravascular coagulation. Do you have varicose veins in the lower limbs? Laser treatment in Moscow is a small endovascular operation, during which a vein is erased with a laser. Varicose veins of the lower limbs will be removed, laser treatment is based on introducing blood flow into the desired vein. This is how varicose veins of the lower limbs are defeated. Laser treatment, which is not that expensive, takes little time and is well tolerated by patients, who forget that they have varicose veins of the lower limbs, laser treatment (the price in our center is affordable) is very effective. The final figure depends on the stage of the disease and the amount of work of the doctor. Do not be afraid that it will then attack the varicose veins of the lower limbs again. The laser treatment (the reviews are so many! ) Will definitely put you on your feet!
- Short stripping is a minimally invasive technique in which a small section of the affected main vein is removed. Thus, it is possible to save as many healthy parts of the veins as possible.
- Cryophlebectomy - removal of a vein using a cryoprobe. The operation is less traumatic, however a small incision is made to insert the probe. After the operation, you see the results immediately.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - radiofrequency treatment
How to remove varicose veins of the lower limbs? Treatment with RFA is of particular interest to patients. Why do many people dream of getting rid of varicose veins of the lower limbs, prefer RFO treatment?
Radio frequency ablation (RFA) is an operation that can be performed on an outpatient basis if you want to forget about varicose veins in the lower limbs. RFA treatment in Moscow uses radiofrequency, which is used to "weld" a vein and remove varicose veins in the lower limbs. RFO treatment in Moscow is quick and effective.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a treatment method in which a special substance is injected into the affected vein, which causes its sclerosis.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy can be added to any vein surgery. The procedure is practically painless and is performed on an outpatient basis.
Phlebectomy is a traditional operation to remove affected veins in the lower limbs. It is performed in the hospital by vascular or general surgeons to finally remove the varicose veins of the lower limbs. Treatment after surgery consists of long-term pain medications, antibiotics, and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs. What to treat?
Each method of treatment has its own indications and contraindications. To choose the best method, you need to consult a doctor, he will assess your varicose veins of the lower extremities, how to cure - he will also tell you.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, treatment at home
Along with surgical treatment, there are auxiliary methods that can slightly remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment with folk remedies that can be done at home.
Warning: varicose veins of the lower limbs
Treatment with folk methods (the prices of herbs and creams differ), but still do not place too much hope in a green pharmacy.
It is important to pay attention to nutrition if varicose veins of the lower extremities are present, treatment by folk methods, the price of which is a penny. It is necessary to limit the consumption of meat, spicy, salty and smoked foods, increase the amount of fruits and vegetables in the diet and exclude alcohol and coffee.
Optimal daily routine and therapeutic exercises will help improve blood circulation in the limbs. It will take 10-15 minutes a day.
Simple folk methods of treatment can complement the complex of measures for the treatment of varicose veins. Rub the feet with horse chestnut tincture, apple cider vinegar, garlic butter and many other remedies has been known since ancient times. They will relieve varicose veins of the lower extremities, the cost, photos and results can be viewed on our website on the Internet.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - prevention
For prevention, it is first of all necessary to adhere to the labor regime. You cannot constantly stand or sit in one position. It is worth taking short breaks from time to time to rest your legs.
After a hard day at work, you can have a foot massage, after which it is advisable to put your feet on a platform. This improves the outflow of blood from the limbs.
You can't get involved in a hot bath and sauna. For the prevention of varicose veins it is much more useful to take a contrast shower and rinse the legs with fresh water.
It is important to control your weight. Excess body weight increases the load on the venous system and contributes to the development of the disease.
If there is a predisposition to the development of the disease, and it is not possible to exclude all risk factors, it is better to engage in prevention. Even if the disease has already begun, do not despair. Varicose veins of the lower limbs are not a sentence. With timely detection of the problem and contact with specialists, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.
Frequently asked questions of patients about varicose veins of the lower extremities
Are varicose veins of the lower limbs dangerous during pregnancy?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy carry some risks of the likelihood of developing thromboembolic complications. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a phlebologist and follow her advice.
I have had varicose veins of the lower limbs for a long time, which operation is better to do?
If you have varicose veins of the lower limbs, modern minimally invasive surgery will be optimal. The best today are thermal obliteration techniques (laser and radiofrequency).
I have been diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower limbs, how is the operation done?
You have been diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower limbs and therefore an operation is indicated. In our country there is no single approach to the choice of surgical treatment. There is a classic and obsolete technique of phlebectomy, with incisions and anesthesia. This is usually done in public hospitals. In specialized phlebological centers, innovative techniques are used through puncture accesses (punctures). These operations are performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, without incisions and pain.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, what is it?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a chronic progressive disease, manifested by the pathological expansion of venous vessels, disruption of the normal functioning of the valves of the veins, which adversely affects blood flow. This condition often develops in people whose work and lifestyle are associated with prolonged static load.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, which treatment is used?
When establishing the diagnosis: varicose veins of the lower extremities, a fairly varied treatment is used. The conservative approach has many supporters, both among patients and among doctors. But it is necessary to clarify immediately that the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can not only be conservative. Modern treatment of varicose veins involves the use of innovative techniques that radically eliminate the pathology.